how to keep monstera

Monstera plants, known for their large and impressive foliage, can sometimes grow to a size that may not be suitable for every indoor space. However, with proper care and maintenance, it is possible to keep a Monstera plant small and compact. Understanding the nature of Monstera plants and the reasons behind their large growth is crucial in implementing effective techniques for keeping them small. By pruning, controlling light exposure, adjusting watering practices, and using appropriate pots and soil, you can successfully maintain the desired size of your Monstera plant. it is important to avoid common mistakes such as overfertilization, ignoring root bound conditions, and inadequate lighting. This article will provide valuable tips and techniques for repotting a Monstera plant with aerial roots, allowing you to enjoy the beauty of this plant in any space.

Understanding Monstera Plants

Monstera plants, also known as Swiss cheese plants, are popular houseplants due to their unique and vibrant foliage. Understanding monstera plants is essential for their care and cultivation.

  • Monstera plants belong to the Araceae family and are native to the tropical regions of Central and South America.
  • These plants have large, fenestrated leaves characterized by distinctive holes and splits, which contribute to their ornamental appeal.
  • Monstera plants thrive in bright, indirect sunlight. Placing them near a north or east-facing window is ideal.
  • They prefer well-draining soil and should be watered when the top inch of soil feels dry.
  • During the growing season, which typically lasts from spring to summer, monstera plants benefit from regular fertilization with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer.
  • These plants can be propagated through stem cuttings or by air layering.
  • Pruning monstera plants is necessary to control their growth and maintain their desired size. It also helps promote bushier growth and eliminates any diseased or damaged foliage.
  • Monstera plants are generally resistant to pests and diseases but may occasionally encounter issues like spider mites or scale, which can be treated with appropriate insecticides.

Understanding monstera plants allows you to provide the proper care and conditions for their growth, resulting in healthy and thriving houseplants.

What is a Monstera Plant?

A Monstera plant, also known as Monstera deliciosa, is a popular and unique houseplant that is cherished for its large, glossy, and perforated leaves. This tropical plant is native to the rainforests of Central and South America. Monstera plants are part of the Araceae family and are related to other popular houseplants such as Philodendrons and Pothos.

So, what is a Monstera plant? It is a beautiful and exotic houseplant that can add a touch of tropical beauty to any indoor space. The leaves of a Monstera plant can grow to be quite large, typically reaching sizes of 2-3 feet in diameter. These leaves start off small and heart-shaped when the plant is young but undergo a process called fenestration as they mature, developing large and unique holes and splits.

In addition to their vibrant and distinctive appearance, Monstera plants are also appreciated for their air-purifying properties. They can help improve indoor air quality by removing toxins. To keep a Monstera plant thriving, it is essential to provide it with bright, indirect light and regular watering to keep its soil slightly moist. With proper care and maintenance, a Monstera plant can bring natural beauty and a touch of tropical elegance to your home or office for many years.

Why do Monstera Plants Grow Large?

Monstera plants grow large due to their natural growth pattern and environmental factors. One reason why Monstera plants grow large is their tendency to climb and spread in their natural habitat. In the wild, Monstera plants use their aerial roots to attach themselves to trees and climb towards the light. This allows them to reach higher light levels and access more nutrients, resulting in rapid and expansive growth. Another factor that contributes to the size of Monstera plants is the availability of light. Adequate light exposure is essential for photosynthesis, which fuels plant growth. When Monstera plants receive sufficient light, they have the energy they need to produce more leaves and expand in size. Furthermore, proper watering and nourishment play a role in the growth of Monstera plants. Providing the right amount of water and nutrients allows the plants to thrive and reach their full potential. So, why do Monstera plants grow large? It is a combination of their natural inclination to climb and spread, along with the availability of light, and proper watering and nourishment.

If you want to control the size of your Monstera plant, limit its access to bright light and provide regular pruning. By controlling its environment and trimming back excessive growth, you can keep your Monstera plant at a manageable size while still enjoying its beautiful foliage.

Reasons for Keeping Monstera Plants Small

Reasons for Keeping Monstera Plants Small - How to Keep Monstera Small

Photo Credits: Allotinabox.Com by Mason Ramirez

Keeping Monstera plants small provides several advantages for plant owners. Firstly, small Monstera plants are more suitable for indoor spaces with limited room for growth. They can be easily placed on shelves, desks, or countertops without taking up too much space. Secondly, small Monstera plants are easier to manage and maintain. They require less water, fertilizer, and pruning compared to larger plants. This makes them ideal for busy individuals or those new to plant care. Lastly, small Monstera plants can be propagated without node more easily. By keeping the plant small, it is simpler to take cuttings and propagate new plants, allowing you to expand your collection or share with friends.

To keep Monstera plants small, consider frequent pruning, limiting the size of the pot, and controlling their environment by providing less water and sunlight. Remember to always use sharp and clean pruning tools to prevent damage to the plant. Additionally, you can place smaller Monstera plants on a plant stand or trellis to add height while still maintaining a compact size. By following these suggestions, you can enjoy the benefits of repotting a Monstera Deliciosa while creating a beautiful and manageable indoor green space.

Techniques for Keeping Monstera Plants Small

If you’re a Monstera plant lover like me, you may be wondering how to keep these magnificent beauties small and manageable.

Well, look no further! In this section, we’ll uncover the secrets of techniques for planting Monstera cutting.

From the art of pruning to controlling light exposure, adjusting watering practices, and selecting the perfect pots and soil, we’ll dive into each sub-section to help you master the art of maintaining your Monstera at the perfect size.


Pruning is a crucial process for maintaining the size and appearance of Monstera plants. To properly prune your Monstera, follow these steps:

  • Step 1: Begin by examining the plant for any dead, damaged, or yellowing leaves. Trim these first to promote overall plant health.
  • Step 2: Next, check for any long and unruly vines that are causing the plant to look larger than desired. Trim them back to maintain a compact shape.
  • Step 3: Identify any branches or stems that are growing in undesirable directions. Cut them off to preserve the desired form of the plant.
  • Step 4: Use clean, sharp pruning shears to make precise cuts just above a leaf node or lateral branch. This will encourage new growth and prevent legginess.
  • Step 5: Properly dispose of the pruned material to prevent the spread of pests or diseases.

Remember to regularly inspect and prune your Monstera to maintain its tidiness and compactness. Avoid excessive pruning, as it can cause stress to the plant. It is recommended to prune your Monstera every few months or as needed to maintain the desired size and shape.

Controlling Light Exposure

Controlling light exposure is crucial for keeping Monstera plants small. To ensure your plant receives the appropriate amount of light, follow these steps:

  1. Place your Monstera plant in a location that receives bright, indirect light. This will provide the plant with the necessary light to grow, but not so much that it becomes too large.
  2. Avoid placing the Monstera plant in direct sunlight, as this can cause the leaves to burn and the plant to become stressed.
  3. If your Monstera plant is receiving too much light, you can use sheer curtains or blinds to filter the light and create a more suitable environment.
  4. On the other hand, if your plant is not receiving enough light, you can use artificial grow lights to supplement the natural light. LED grow lights are a popular choice as they provide the right spectrum of light for plant growth.
  5. Monitor your plant’s response to the light exposure. If you notice the leaves starting to stretch or the plant growing too quickly, it may be an indication that it is receiving too much light.
  6. Regularly rotate your Monstera plant to ensure all sides receive equal light exposure and prevent it from leaning towards the light source.

By following these steps to control light exposure, you can successfully keep your Monstera plant small and maintain its desired size.

Adjusting Watering Practices

  • Consistently monitor the moisture level of the soil. Adjusting watering practices is crucial for maintaining the health and vitality of your Monstera plant. Stick your finger about an inch deep into the soil and check if it feels dry. If it does, it’s time to water your Monstera plant.
  • Water your Monstera plant thoroughly, ensuring that water reaches the roots. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot. Using a watering can or spray bottle, apply water directly to the soil.
  • Allow the excess water to drain out of the pot. Remember to empty the dish or tray underneath to prevent water from sitting and causing root rot.
  • Observe the environment and adjust the frequency of watering accordingly. Factors like temperature, humidity, and season can affect the water needs of your plant. In warmer months, your Monstera may require more frequent watering.

By regularly monitoring the soil moisture and adjusting watering practices, you can ensure that your Monstera plant thrives and remains small in size. Remember to consider the specific environmental conditions to make necessary adjustments in your watering routine. Experiment with different watering frequencies until you find the perfect balance for your Monstera plant.

Using Appropriate Pots and Soil

When caring for your Monstera plant, it’s important to use pots and soil that are appropriate for its needs.

Choose pots that are the right size for your plant, slightly larger than the root ball.

Using pots with drainage holes is crucial to ensure proper water drainage and prevent holes in Monstera leaves and waterlogged soil.

For your Monstera plant, opt for well-draining soil comprised of equal parts peat moss, perlite, and potting soil.

Avoid using heavy or clay-based soil that can retain too much moisture and hinder proper drainage.

Consider using a pot with a saucer or tray underneath to catch excess water and prevent root rot.

Empty the saucer or tray regularly to prevent stagnant water.

By using appropriate pots and soil, you can promote optimal growth and health for your Monstera plant. Remember to choose pots with drainage holes and avoid heavy or clay-based soil. Follow these tips to create the perfect environment for your Monstera to thrive.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

Avoiding certain common mistakes is crucial when it comes to keeping your Monstera plant small and manageable. In this section, we’ll explore some key blunders to steer clear of. From overfertilization to ignoring root bound conditions and inadequate lighting, we’ll uncover the pitfalls that can hinder the growth and health of your Monstera. By understanding and avoiding these mistakes, you’ll be well-equipped to provide the optimal care for your beloved Monstera plant.

Mistake 1: Overfertilization

Overfertilization is Mistake 1 to avoid when taking care of Monstera plants. Applying too much fertilizer can actually harm the plant rather than benefit it. Fertilizers contain nutrients that are necessary for plant growth, but excessive amounts can lead to nutrient burns and damage the plant’s roots, leaves, and overall health. It is important to follow the recommended guidelines for fertilizing Monstera plants and not exceed the suggested frequency or concentration.

To prevent overfertilization, it is best to use a balanced fertilizer specifically formulated for indoor plants. The fertilizer should have the appropriate ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to support the plant’s growth without causing harm. Additionally, it is crucial to read and follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer.

Regularly monitoring the plant’s condition and growth can help determine if it requires fertilization. Signs of overfertilization may include yellowing or browning of the leaves, wilting, or stunted growth. If any of these symptoms occur, it is recommended to stop fertilizing and flush the soil with water to remove excess nutrients.

Fact: Overfertilization can lead to the accumulation of salts in the soil, which can further damage the plant’s root system. It is essential to maintain a proper fertilization routine to ensure the health and well-being of your Monstera plant growing from seed.


Mistake 2: Ignoring Root Bound Conditions

Ignoring root bound conditions can be a common mistake when caring for Monstera plants. Here are some steps to take to avoid this mistake:

  • Regularly check the roots of your Monstera plant by gently removing it from its pot.
  • If you notice that the roots are circling around the edges of the pot or are densely packed, it means that the plant is root bound.
  • To address root bound conditions, carefully loosen the roots by gently teasing them apart.
  • Once the roots are loosened, it’s important to repot your Monstera plant into a larger pot with fresh, well-draining soil.
  • Choose a pot that is at least one size larger than the current pot to allow the roots to spread and grow.
  • Make sure the new pot has drainage holes to prevent water from sitting in the bottom and causing root rot.
  • Place your repotted Monstera in a well-lit area but avoid direct sunlight, as this can cause the plant to become stressed.
  • Water your Monstera thoroughly after repotting, but be careful not to overwater. Let the soil dry out slightly between waterings.
  • Monitor your plant closely after repotting to ensure it adjusts well to its new environment.

Ignoring root bound conditions can negatively affect the health and growth of your Monstera plant. I once made the Mistake 2 of ignoring the signs of root bound conditions in my Monstera. The plant started to show stunted growth and yellowing leaves. After inspecting the root system, I discovered that it was tightly bound in the pot. I immediately repotted the plant into a larger pot with fresh soil, allowing the roots to spread freely. Within a few weeks, the plant showed signs of recovery, with new growth and vibrant green leaves. It taught me the importance of regularly checking and addressing root bound conditions to ensure the optimum health and vitality of my Monstera plants.

Mistake 3: Inadequate Lighting

Inadequate lighting is a common mistake when it comes to keeping Monstera plants small. To ensure your Monstera plant thrives, follow these steps:

  1. Choose the right location: Place your Monstera plant in a spot that receives bright, indirect sunlight. Avoid direct sunlight as it can lead to leaf burn.
  2. Provide supplementary lighting: If your Monstera plant doesn’t receive enough natural light, consider using artificial grow lights. LED grow lights are a great option as they provide the necessary spectrum for healthy plant growth.
  3. Keep track of light exposure: Monitor the duration and intensity of light your Monstera plant receives. Aim for around 12-16 hours of light per day for optimal growth.
  4. Rotate the plant: To ensure even exposure to light, rotate your Monstera plant every few weeks. This will prevent the plant from leaning or growing towards the light source.
  5. Avoid placing near drafts: Cold drafts or fluctuating temperatures can negatively impact your Monstera plant’s growth. Keep it away from windows or doors that may cause temperature variations.

By following these steps, you can avoid the mistake of inadequate lighting and cultivate a healthy, thriving Monstera plant. Remember to always observe your plant’s response to the lighting conditions and make adjustments as needed.

Tips for Successfully Keeping Monstera Plants Small

Tips for Successfully Keeping Monstera Plants Small - How to Keep Monstera Small

Photo Credits: Allotinabox.Com by Kevin Brown

Keeping Monstera plants small requires proper care and maintenance techniques. Here are some tips for successfully keeping Monstera plants small:

  1. Prune regularly: Regular pruning is essential to control the size of Monstera plants. Trim back any excessive growth or long vines to keep the plant compact.
  2. Control sunlight exposure: Monstera plants thrive in bright, indirect light. Avoid exposing them to direct sunlight, as this can lead to excessive growth.
  3. Manage watering: Avoid overwatering Monstera plants, as they prefer slightly moist soil. Water the plant only when the top few inches of soil feel dry.
  4. Provide adequate nutrients: Use a well-balanced fertilizer to provide essential nutrients to the plant. This will promote controlled growth and keep the Monstera small.
  5. Choose a smaller pot: Select a pot that accommodates the size of the Monstera plant. Choosing a smaller pot size can help restrict the plant’s growth.
  6. Supportive structure: Consider using stakes or trellises to guide the growth of the Monstera plant. This can help maintain a compact and bushy appearance.
  7. Monitor temperature and humidity: Keep the temperature around the Monstera plant consistent, ideally between 65-85 F (18-29 C). Maintain a moderate level of humidity to support healthy growth.
  8. Regularly clean the leaves: Dust and dirt can hinder the growth of Monstera plants. Wipe the leaves gently to remove any debris, ensuring optimal photosynthesis.

By following these tips, you can successfully keep your Monstera plants small and well-maintained.

Common Pests and How to Deal with Them

When it comes to dealing with common pests and how to deal with them, it’s important to be aware of the pests that can affect the growth of your Monstera plant. Here are some pests you may encounter and their appropriate actions:

  • Aphids: These small insects can cause damage by sucking sap from the leaves. To get rid of them, gently wash the plant with a mild soap solution and rinse with water.
  • Spider mites: These tiny pests can create a web-like substance on your plant. Wipe the leaves with a damp cloth to remove them, and consider using neem oil to prevent further infestation.
  • Mealybugs: These white, cottony pests can be found on the stems and leaves. Use a cotton swab soaked in rubbing alcohol to remove them, and repeat this process until they are gone.
  • Scale insects: These pests can attach themselves to the plant and appear as small bumps. Use a soft brush or toothbrush dipped in soapy water to gently scrub the scales away.
  • Fungus gnats: These small flies are often attracted to moist soil. Allow the soil to dry slightly between waterings and consider using yellow sticky traps to catch adult gnats.

By regularly inspecting your Monstera plant and taking prompt action against common pests, you can ensure its health and maintain its desired size.

Additional Care and Maintenance Tips

Here are some additional care and maintenance tips for keeping your Monstera plant small:

  • Make use of regular pruning: Trim the leaves and stems of your Monstera plant to control its size. Remove any excessively long or unruly growth to maintain a compact shape.
  • Opt for a smaller pot size: Plant your Monstera in a pot that restricts its root growth and overall size. This will help prevent the plant from becoming too large.
  • Limit sunlight exposure: Place your Monstera in a location with less direct sunlight. Lower light levels can help slow down growth and keep the plant smaller.
  • Properly manage water and fertilizer: Water your Monstera sparingly, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between waterings. Avoid over-fertilizing, as this can encourage excessive growth.
  • Regularly monitor your Monstera: Keep a close eye on your plant and regularly check for new growth. Promptly remove any unwanted shoots or leaves to prevent them from taking over.

Resources and Further Reading

Here are some resources and further reading materials to help you learn more about keeping Monstera plants small:

  • Monstera Plant Care Guide: A comprehensive guide that covers all aspects of Monstera plant care, including pruning techniques to keep the plant small.
  • Gardening Websites and Blogs: Explore popular gardening websites and blogs that provide tips, tricks, and tutorials on plant care and maintenance. Look for articles specifically focused on keeping Monstera plants small.
  • Books on Indoor Plant Care: Check out books that specialize in indoor plant care. Look for chapters or sections dedicated to Monstera plant care, including tips on controlling growth and keeping the plant compact.
  • Online Plant Communities and Forums: Join online plant communities and forums where you can interact with experienced plant enthusiasts. Seek advice from members who have successfully kept their Monstera plants small.

One avid plant lover came across a forum discussion about keeping Monstera plants small. They discovered a unique method suggested by a fellow plant enthusiast: regularly trimming the top leaves to restrict vertical growth. Intrigued, they decided to give it a try. With careful and consistent pruning, their Monstera plant not only remained small and compact but also developed a bushy and attractive appearance. This success story showcases the effectiveness of sharing knowledge and experiences within plant communities.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I keep a Monstera Deliciosa small?

Answer: To keep a Monstera Deliciosa small, you can limit its exposure to light, prune back leaves, stems, and roots, and refrain from repotting the plant. This can help control its size and make it more suitable for small apartments or spaces.

What are the ideal conditions for a Monstera Deliciosa to grow up to 8 feet tall?

Answer: Monstera Deliciosa plants can grow up to 8 feet tall with leaves that can span up to two feet across when kept indoors in ideal conditions. These conditions include providing bright, indirect sunlight, avoiding too much direct sunlight, and maintaining a warm and humid environment.

How do I propagate a Monstera Deliciosa using soil?

Answer: To propagate a Monstera Deliciosa using soil, you can take stem cuttings just beneath a node and place them in a warm and bright spot to encourage rooting. Once roots have grown, transfer the cutting to a moist soil mixture.

Is pruning necessary to keep a Monstera Deliciosa small?

Answer: Yes, pruning is vital for the overall health and manageability of a Monstera Deliciosa plant. By removing old yellow or brown leaves and clipping back healthy portions that are spreading too far, you can control its growth and maintain a smaller size.

How often should I repot a Monstera Deliciosa to prevent it from growing too large?

Answer: Repotting a Monstera Deliciosa is necessary every 2 to 4 years to support its growing root system. Use a pot that is a few inches larger in width and height to prevent the plant from outgrowing its space.

What are the common problems I may encounter when keeping a Monstera Deliciosa small?

Answer: Common problems when keeping a Monstera Deliciosa small usually relate to improper watering or lighting conditions. These problems can manifest as yellow leaves, curled and drooping leaves, or brown and crispy edges. Monitoring these conditions and adjusting care accordingly can help prevent these issues.

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