how to propagate philodendron selloummla3

Philodendron Selloum, also known as the Tree Philodendron or Lacy Tree, is a popular houseplant known for its beautiful foliage and easy care requirements. If you want to expand your collection or share the joy of growing this plant with others, propagation is a great way to do so. Propagation refers to the process of creating new plants from existing ones. In this article, we will explore the different methods of propagating Philodendron Selloum, why it’s worth propagating, and provide a step-by-step guide to help you successfully propagate this plant. Whether you prefer stem cuttings, air layering, or division, we have got you covered. We will discuss how to care for newly propagated Philodendron Selloum and highlight some common mistakes to avoid during the propagation process. So, let’s dive in and learn how to propagate Philodendron Selloum!

What is Propagation?

Looking to expand your plant collection? Let’s dive into the world of propagation! In this section, we’ll explore the what and how of plant propagation. Discover various methods to multiply your beloved Philodendron Selloum and fill your space with lush greenery. Get ready to roll up your sleeves and learn about the art of creating new plants from existing ones.

Methods of Plant Propagation

  • Stem cuttings: One of the most common and straightforward methods of plant propagation is through stem cuttings. This technique entails taking a stem from the parent plant and placing it in a suitable growing medium. Over time, the stem will develop roots and eventually transform into a new plant.
  • Air layering: Particularly beneficial for plants with thick stems, air layering is another effective method. It involves making a small cut in the stem and surrounding it with moist soil or moss. This creates a conducive environment for the development of roots. Once roots have formed, the stem can be cut and planted as a new individual plant.
  • Division: When dealing with plants that have multiple stems or clumps, the division method comes in handy. It requires separating the plant into smaller sections, each of which has its own roots and stems. These sections can then be replanted as individual plants.
  • Grafting: Another technique for plant propagation is grafting. This method involves joining a stem or bud from one plant (known as the scion) to the root system of another plant (known as the rootstock). Grafting is commonly used to propagate fruit trees or plants with desirable traits.
  • Layering: An alternative method is layering, which involves bending a low-growing branch of the parent plant to the ground and covering it with soil. Subsequently, the buried section will develop roots. Once fully established, it can be separated from the parent plant and grown as an independent new plant.

Why Propagate Philodendron Selloum?

Propagating Philodendron Selloum has many benefits. Why propagate Philodendron Selloum? Well, it allows you to create new plants without having to spend money on purchasing them, which can save you a significant amount. Additionally, by propagating this plant, you have the opportunity to expand your collection and create a thriving and lush indoor environment. The best part is that the propagation process is simple and doesn’t require any special skills or equipment. Moreover, propagating Philodendron Selloum gives you the chance to share the joy of gardening with your loved ones by gifting them these stunning plants. You’ll be amazed at how quick and efficient the process is, as it can result in multiple new plants from just a single parent plant.

Methods of Propagating Philodendron Selloum

Looking to expand your collection of beautiful Philodendron Selloum plants? In this section, we’ll dive into the different methods of propagating these gorgeous plants. From stem cuttings to air layering and division, we’ll explore the various techniques that will help you successfully multiply your Philodendron Selloum. So, roll up your sleeves and get ready to unleash your green thumb as we delve into the exciting world of Philodendron Selloum propagation!

Stem Cuttings

Stem cuttings are a popular method used for propagating Philodendron Selloum. Follow these steps to successfully root your stem cuttings:

  1. Start by preparing a clean, sharp knife or pruning shears.
  2. Select a healthy parent plant with strong, well-established stems.
  3. Choose a long and healthy stem with a few leaves.
  4. Make a clean diagonal cut just below a node (where the leaf meets the stem).
  5. Remove any leaves from the lower half of the cutting.
  6. Consider applying rooting hormone to the cut end of the stem to boost root development, although it is optional.
  7. Prepare a well-draining potting mix and moisten it.
  8. Place the cutting in the potting mix, burying the cut end about an inch deep.
  9. Maintain a warm and humid environment with indirect light for the cutting.
  10. Regularly mist the cutting and potting mix to keep them moist.
  11. After a few weeks, gently tug on the cutting to check for signs of root development.
  12. Once roots have developed, transplant the cutting into a larger pot with well-draining soil.
  13. Provide proper light, water, and fertilization to care for the newly propagated Bird of Paradise.

Remember, not all stem cuttings will successfully root. To increase your chances of success, take multiple cuttings. With patience and proper care, you can successfully propagate Philodendron Selloum using stem cuttings.

Air Layering

Air layering is a propagation method that can be used to multiply your Philodendron Selloum plants. Follow these steps to successfully air layer your plant:

  1. Identify a healthy and mature branch on the Philodendron Selloum plant.
  2. Make a small cut on the branch, about one-third of the way through the stem. This cut will serve as the starting point for the air layering process.
  3. Apply a rooting hormone to the cut section of the branch to encourage air layering and root growth.
  4. Take a handful of sphagnum moss and wet it thoroughly. Place the wet moss around the cut section of the branch, ensuring it covers the entire area.
  5. Wrap the moss-covered section of the branch with plastic wrap or a plastic bag. This will help to retain moisture and create a humid environment for air layering and root development.
  6. Secure the plastic wrap or bag tightly around the branch using string or tape. Make sure the moss and plastic wrap are well-sealed.
  7. Check the air layer periodically to ensure the moss remains moist. If it starts to dry out, mist it with water.
  8. After a few weeks, roots will start to grow from the moss-covered section of the branch. You can check the progress by gently peeling back the plastic wrap without removing it completely.
  9. Once the roots are well-developed, carefully cut the air-layered section below the roots and remove it from the parent plant.
  10. Plant the air-layered section in a pot or directly in the ground, ensuring that the roots are covered with soil.

Pro-tip: Air layering can be a slower propagation method compared to other techniques, but it is a reliable way to create new Philodendron Selloum plants with well-established root systems.



Division is a widely used method for propagating plants, including the popular Philodendron Selloum. This technique involves dividing a mature parent plant into smaller sections, each with its own roots and stems.

By carefully separating the plant and ensuring each division has enough roots and foliage, you can create multiple new plants that are genetically identical to the parent. This method is particularly useful for rejuvenating older plants or expanding your collection.

When performing division, it’s crucial to choose a healthy parent plant with multiple stems and a well-developed root system. Make clean cuts using sterilized tools, and be sure to replant each division in its own container or suitable growing location.

Providing the newly divided plants with the right amount of light, water, and nutrients will help them thrive. Division is a reliable and effective way to propagate Philodendron Selloum and enjoy the beauty of these plants throughout your home or garden.

Choosing the Right Propagation Method

When choosing the right propagation method for Philodendron Selloum, it is crucial for success. Here are some options:

  • Water Propagation: This method involves placing the Philodendron Selloum stem cutting in a container filled with water until roots develop.
  • Soil Propagation: This method requires planting the stem cutting directly into a well-draining potting mix and keeping it consistently moist.
  • Air Layering: This technique involves making a small cut on the stem and wrapping it with moist sphagnum moss, then covering it with a plastic bag to encourage root growth.

A pro-tip for choosing the right propagation method is to consider the condition and health of the parent plant. If the parent plant is large and healthy, soil propagation or raven zz plant watering may be more effective. If you have limited space or want to monitor root growth more easily, water propagation can be a good option. Experiment with different methods to find the one that works best for you and your plant.

Step-by-Step Guide to Propagate Philodendron Selloum

Looking to grow your collection of Philodendron Selloum? Look no further! This step-by-step guide has got your back. From preparation to selecting the perfect parent plant, taking stem cuttings, air layering, and division process, we’ll cover it all. Get ready to learn the secrets of successful Philodendron Selloum propagation and expand your green kingdom!


Preparation is an essential step in propagating Philodendron Selloum. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Gather necessary materials: Before starting the propagation process, gather all the required materials, including a clean pair of garden shears or a sharp knife, a clean container filled with water or a suitable growing medium, rooting hormone (optional), and a plant mist sprayer.
  2. Select a healthy parent plant: Choose a mature Philodendron Selloum plant with strong and healthy stems. Ensure that the parent plant is disease-free and does not show any signs of stress.
  3. Prepare the stems: Carefully remove a stem or stems from the parent plant. Make sure to choose stems that have at least two or three nodes, as these are the areas where roots will develop.
  4. Remove lower leaves: Remove the lower leaves from the stem, leaving only a few at the top. This will prevent the leaves from rotting when submerged in water or planted in a growing medium.
  5. Apply rooting hormone: If desired, dip the bottom end of the stem in a rooting hormone powder or gel. This can help enhance root development.
  6. Place the stems in water or growing medium: Place the prepared stems either in a container filled with water, ensuring that at least one or two nodes are submerged, or in a suitable growing medium. Make sure to provide proper support for the stems to prevent bending or tilting.
  7. Maintain ideal conditions: Keep the propagation container in a warm and well-lit area, but away from direct sunlight. Maintain consistent moisture levels, either by regularly misting the stems or by keeping the water level in the container constant.

By following these steps, you can ensure that your Philodendron Selloum propagation process starts off on the right foot.

Selecting the Parent Plant

When choosing the parent plant for propagating Philodendron Selloum, it is crucial to consider the following factors:

  • Health: It is essential to choose a parent plant that is in good health and shows no signs of illness or pest infestation. This will ensure that the new plant starts off on the right track and has a strong foundation for growth.
  • Size: Take into account the size of the parent plant and the available space for the new plant. If space is limited, selecting a smaller parent plant would be more appropriate.
  • Maturity: Opt for a parent plant that is mature and well-established. Younger plants may not have developed enough root systems or strength to produce viable offshoots.
  • Appearance: Look for a parent plant with desirable characteristics such as vibrant foliage, sturdy stems, and overall appealing appearance. This will increase the chances of the propagated plant inheriting these desirable traits.

By carefully considering these factors when selecting the parent plant, you can significantly improve the success rate in propagating Philodendron Selloum.

Remember to provide proper care and attention to the newly propagated plant to help it thrive and grow into a healthy and beautiful Philodendron Selloum.

Taking Stem Cuttings

When propagating Philodendron Selloum, taking stem cuttings is a common and effective method. Follow these steps to successfully propagate your plant:

  1. Prepare a clean pair of sharp pruning shears.
  2. Choose a healthy and mature Philodendron Selloum plant as the parent plant.
  3. Select a stem that is at least 6 inches long and has several leaves.
  4. Make a clean cut just below a node, which is where the leaf meets the stem.
  5. Remove any leaves from the lower part of the stem, leaving a few at the top.
  6. Dip the cut end of the stem in a rooting hormone powder to enhance root development.
  7. Prepare a small pot with well-draining potting mix.
  8. Make a hole in the potting mix using a pencil or your finger.
  9. Insert the cut end of the stem into the hole and gently press the soil around it to hold it in place.
  10. Water the cutting thoroughly, ensuring the soil is moist but not waterlogged.
  11. Place the pot in a warm, humid location with bright, indirect light.
  12. Maintain the humidity around the cutting by covering it with a plastic bag or a propagating dome.
  13. Check the soil moisture regularly and water as needed to keep it moist.
  14. After a few weeks, you should start to see new root growth.
  15. Once the roots are well-established, usually in about 6-8 weeks, you can transplant the cutting into a larger pot.
  16. Continue to care for the new plant by providing adequate water, light, and humidity as it matures.

Remember to be patient and give your Philodendron Selloum cutting time to develop roots. Taking stem cuttings is a rewarding way to propagate your plant and expand your collection.

Air Layering Process

The air layering process, also known as the propagation technique, is an effective method to propagate Philodendron Selloum. To successfully propagate this plant, you need to follow several steps:

1. Prepare the parent plant: Choose a healthy and mature African violet plant that has multiple branches.

2. Select a suitable branch: Look for a sturdy and flexible branch on the parent plant, preferably one that is at least one year old.

3. Make a cut: Carefully make a clean horizontal cut about one-third through the branch, making sure it is not too close to a leaf node.

4. Apply rooting hormone: Apply a rooting hormone to the exposed wound on the branch to stimulate root development. You can learn how to prune a ZZ plant for optimal growth here.

5. Wrap the wound: Take a handful of sphagnum moss and dampen it. Then, place the moss around the cut area, ensuring it covers the wound completely. For more information on how to propagate a Boston fern, follow these steps.

6. Cover with plastic wrap: Wrap the moss-covered area with plastic wrap, making sure it is tightly secured to create a sealed environment that promotes rooting of a Zz plant.

7. Monitor and wait: Regularly check the moss to ensure it remains damp. Over time, roots will start to develop within the moss-covered area.

8. Cut and plant: Once significant root growth is observed, cut the branch below the rooted area. Plant the rooted branch in a pot filled with well-draining soil.

9. Maintain humidity: Place the newly propagated Zz Plant in a warm and humid location. Remember to mist the leaves regularly to maintain optimal humidity levels.

10. Provide care: Water the plant regularly, ensuring the soil is moist but not waterlogged. Additionally, provide indirect sunlight and protect the plant from harsh conditions.

By incorporating the air layering process into your propagation technique, you can successfully propagate Philodendron Selloum and enjoy the results.

Division Process

  • Begin the division process by selecting a healthy and mature Philodendron Selloum plant.
  • Before starting, gather a clean and sharp gardening tool like a knife or pruners.
  • Carefully remove the plant from its pot, making sure to gently shake off any excess soil.
  • Take a close look at the plant’s root system and identify natural divisions or sections that can be separated.
  • Using the sharp tool, make clean cuts through the roots to divide the plant into separate sections.
  • Make sure that each divided section has an adequate amount of roots and foliage.
  • Prior to replanting, trim any damaged or unhealthy roots.
  • Prepare small pots or containers filled with a well-draining potting mix.
  • Place each divided section into its own pot, ensuring that the roots are properly covered with soil.
  • Gently water the newly divided plants to settle the soil and promote root growth.
  • Find a warm and bright location for the pots, but be careful to avoid direct sunlight.
  • Keep the soil consistently moist while being cautious not to overwater.
  • Regularly monitor the progress of the divided plants, looking out for signs of new growth and root development.
  • After a few weeks, the divided Philodendron Selloum plants should have become established and be ready for further care and maintenance.

Caring for Newly Propagated Philodendron Selloum

Caring for Newly Propagated Philodendron Selloum - How to Propagate Philodendron Selloum

Photo Credits: Allotinabox.Com by Paul Nelson

When caring for newly propagated Philodendron Selloum, follow these steps:

  1. Caring for Newly Propagated Philodendron Selloum: Provide proper lighting: Place the plants in a location with bright, indirect light to promote healthy growth.
  2. Caring for Newly Propagated Philodendron Selloum: Maintain appropriate temperature: Keep the temperature around the plant between 65-85 F (18-29 C) to ensure optimal growth.
  3. Caring for Newly Propagated Philodendron Selloum: Water the plants: Water the Philodendron Selloum regularly, keeping the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot.
  4. Caring for Newly Propagated Philodendron Selloum: Fertilize regularly: Feed the plants with a balanced liquid fertilizer every 2-4 weeks during the growing season to provide essential nutrients.
  5. Caring for Newly Propagated Philodendron Selloum: Monitor humidity levels: Philodendron Selloum prefers higher humidity, so mist the leaves frequently or place a tray of water nearby to maintain humidity.
  6. Caring for Newly Propagated Philodendron Selloum: Prune selectively: Remove any dead or yellowing leaves to encourage new growth and maintain the plant’s appearance.
  7. Caring for Newly Propagated Philodendron Selloum: Watch for pests: Regularly inspect the plant for common pests like aphids or spider mites. Treat any infestations promptly to prevent damage.

By following these care steps, you can ensure the healthy growth and well-being of your newly propagated Philodendron Selloum.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

When propagating Philodendron Selloum, it’s important to avoid these common mistakes:

  • Using too small of a container: Make sure to choose a container that is large enough to accommodate the roots and allow for proper growth.
  • Overwatering: Overwatering can lead to root rot and other fungal issues. Only water the plant when the top inch of soil feels dry.
  • Not providing enough light: Philodendron Selloum thrives in bright, indirect light. Placing it in a dark corner can result in weak growth and leggy stems.
  • Using poor quality soil: It’s essential to use well-draining soil that provides good aeration for the roots. Avoid heavy clay or compacted soil.
  • Neglecting to prune: Regular pruning helps maintain a compact and bushy shape. Neglecting to prune can result in a leggy and unruly plant.
  • Ignoring pests: Keep an eye out for common pests like spider mites and mealybugs. Promptly address any pest infestations to prevent damage to the plant.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How tall does Philodendron Selloum grow?

Philodendron Selloum can grow up to 5 feet in height and 10 feet in width, with leaves measuring 3 feet in length and 12-14 inches in width.

2. How can I tell if my Philodendron Selloum is ready to propagate?

To determine if your Philodendron Selloum is ready for propagation, check for signs of maturity, such as overhanging leaves spanning 3 feet, and a developed tree philodendron node.

3. What should I do if my Philodendron Selloum has stunted growth?

If your Philodendron Selloum has stunted growth, consider repotting it to a larger pot to address any root bound condition and provide it with a well-draining soil mix.

4. What are some care tips for Philodendron Selloum?

For Philodendron Selloum, provide bright indirect light, keep the soil moist but not soggy, maintain temperatures between 65 and 82 F, and ensure a warm and humid environment.

5. Can I propagate Philodendron Selloum in clean water?

Yes, Philodendron Selloum can be propagated in clean water. Take stem cuttings and suspend them in clean water, changing it weekly until roots develop.

6. What tools and materials do I need to propagate Philodendron Selloum?

To propagate Philodendron Selloum, you will need pruning shears or a propagation knife, sterilization solution like ethanol or alcohol, potting mix, water, and a transparent glass vase or pots.

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